Singleton in Flutter

Updated 7 December 2023


In Flutter, understanding design patterns is crucial for building scalable and maintainable applications. One such design pattern that often proves useful is the Singleton in Flutter.

Singleton in Flutter

What is a Singleton?

The Singleton in Flutter is a design pattern that ensures a class has only one instance and provides a global point to this instance.

Implementing a Singleton in Dart

In Dart, Singleton is a class that has its own instance and ensures that no other instances can be created of that class.

Here’s a basic example of a Singleton in Dart:

In this example, the _privarConstructor is a private constructor that prevents direct instantiation of the

NetworkManager class from outside. Moreover, the _instance variable holds the single instance of the class, and the instance getter provides access to it.

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Using Singleton in Flutter

Now we understand how to create a Singleton in Dart, we can implement the singleton class for various purposes stated below.

You can check the official documentation here.

1. Managing Global State

For a centralized state management system, Singleton can be an excellent. In addition, Singletons can be used to manage the global state.

In this example, AppState is a Singleton class responsible for managing the global state of the application. Developers can access and modify the state from anywhere in the application using AppState.instance

2. Network Requests

Creating a single instance to manage API calls ensures efficient resource utilization.

We can use NetworkManager.instance.makeRequest(‘endpoint’) to make network calls throughout the application.

3. Navigation Management

We can use Singleton for handling the routing and navigation logic in the application.

Here, we are using the navigatorKey to access the navigator state and the pushNamed method simplifies the process of navigating to named routes.

Limitations of Singleton

1. Memory Management

We need to be more cautious that resources held by Singletons are appropriately released when they are no longer needed.

2. Thread Safety

If the application involves multiple isolates or threads, ensure that your Singleton implementation is thread-safe to avoid potential race conditions.


By understanding the principles behind the Singleton pattern and its application in Dart and Flutter, we can create more maintainable and scalable Flutter applications.

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