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Updated 29 April 2023
Bloc design pattern is state management system which helps us to separate our presentation and business login.
It uses state & events for management. When a event triggers, it returns new state through which we update our UI. We can update our UI by updating it’s current data or by performing any action like navigate on other screen or show dialogue on screen. If we wanna update our UI with updated data, then BlocBuilder will be used else use BlocListener.
Let’s take an example and understand how it works with state & evetns.
Suppose, we wanna fetch data from api & show it on UI. Till, we fetch data from server side, we will show a Loading text on UI & after getting data, update UI with api data.
For this, we need to trigger an event through which we tell bloc to fetch data from api.
There will be two states which return by bloc. One is used to show Loading text on UI while fetching data from server & other state is used to show api data on UI.
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Add following lines in your pubspec.yaml ==>
Create a base class for all the events. It might be possible to have more than one event which bloc will have to handle.
Name : HomeBaseEvent.dart
Event 1 : To fetch data from server, create an event.
Name : FetchDataEvent.dart
NOTE : Here, limit is data which we pass to api method. You can change it to any variable which you wanna pass in your api method or just skip it.
Create a base class for all the states. It might be possible to have more than one state.
Name : HomeBaseState.dart
State 1 : Show Loading Text on screen while fetch data from server
Class Name : PageLoading.dart
State 2 : Show fetched data on screen
Class Name : FetchDataState.dart
If we get success data from api, we will set status as success and save data in data variable. Else set fail status and save error message in error variable.
Name : HomeBloc.dart
Create a bloc class HomeBloc by extending Bloc and define its event and state. It’s mapEventToState takes event as input and return state.
Home_response is model class. You can change it according to api response.
DataHelper is my api method handling class.
getHomePageData is api method in DataHelper class which return two type of data with the help of Either class. If we get successfully data from api, then it returns Home_response else return error message as a String. To learn more about Either class, please check following link : Either Class
Here, we use yield which return state.
When event is FetchDataEvent, it returns state PageLoading. When we get result from api method getHomePageData either is success or failure, returns state FetchDataState.
Initially, we create an object of bloc : context.read<HomeBloc>() and trigger an event FetchDataEvent. According to states, we show Widgets.
As, I told you about blocbuilder and bloclistner in beginning of this blog. If you wanna use both in your code for same widget, then we need to use BlocConsumer.
Whenever state changes, listener & builder both will be called. To prevent this, we need to define condition in listenWhen and buildWhen block. These blocks will be called when there is new state added by bloc.
If we get FetchDataState or PageLoading as new states, we need to only update UI. So, check current state is buildWhen and return true to call builder block else return false.
As in this example, we don’t use listener block, so return false in listenWhen block.
In buildContainer method, we return Widget according to states.
BlocProvider is responsible to create a bloc & provide it to it’s child.
NOTE : Here, HomeBloc is bloc and HomePageView is StatelessWidget.
If you wanna use multiple bloc in single view, then use MultiBlocProvider.
NOTE : Here, HomeBloc and HomeBloc1 are bloc and HomePageView is StatelessWidget.
Hopefully, this blog will be helpful to you. If you have any query, please write it in comment section.
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